About Jazz Music
The development of jazz begins in New Orleans during the late 19th century when brass bands would perform in marches, parades and funerals playing anything from military tunes to rags in a polyphonic style similar to African-American vocal music. Since many of these marches were very lengthy, the tunes would have to be repeated many times leading the performers to improvise on the melodies to relieve their boredom. Over time, as the musicians left New Orleans and spread their music to other cities, the marching aspect was phased out and instruments that could be played while seated, such as the piano and trap drum set, began to enter the jazz scene. Starting in the second decade of the century and leading into the 1920s, jazz began to diversify and different genres such as Dixieland and Classic Jazz began to emerge.
Under the guiding hands of Fletcher Henderson and Louis Armstrong, 1920s Classic Jazz developed into Swing Jazz and the golden age of the Big Band was born. After the demise of the Big Band era, jazz began to split into even more genres; first Be-Bop and Jump Blues, and then followed soon by Cool Jazz, Hard Bop, Bossa-Nova, Afro-Cuban and Soul Jazz. In developments that came slightly later, Jazz also took in the worlds of concert hall composition and abstract expressionism thus creating the genres Third Stream, Avant-Garde Jazz, Post-Bop and Progressive Big Band.
The arrival of loud amplified instruments to the world of jazz via the musical worlds of rock, funk and RnB again brought many changes to jazz, as well as new genres such as Classic Fusion and Funk Jazz. Since the 1980s, jazz has taken on so many genres and influences that creating easily definable genres is becoming increasingly difficult. Many current jazz artists can be found on JMA in genres such as World Fusion, Nu Jazz, Acid Jazz, Dub Fusion, Post-70s Eclectic Fusion, DJ Hip-Hop Jazz, DrumnBass Jazz, and Post-Fusion Contemporary.
At JMA, we not only try to include an extensive data base of jazz artists, but we also try to include those artists from other genres who have had an influence on the world of jazz, as well as those artists who come from a jazz background but work in genres besides jazz. Some of those artists can be found in genres such as Jazz Related Rock, Jazz Related RnB, Exotica, Soundtracks, Funk, Latin Rock, Jazz Related Improvisation and Jazz Related Blues.
Written by JS (John Sanders, 2011)
JMA Jazz subgenres